What is HPT?

What Is HPT?


According to The International Society of Performance Improvement (ISPI), Human Performance Technology (HPT) is a systematic approach to improving productivity and competence that uses a set of methods and procedures — and a strategy for solving problems — for realizing opportunities related to the performance of people.How Does HPT Work?

HPT uses a wide range of interventions that are drawn from many other disciplines including, behavioral psychology, instructional systems design, organizational development, and human resources management. As such, it stresses a rigorous analysis of present and desired levels of performance, identifies the causes for the performance gap, offers a wide range of interventions with which to improve performance, guides the change management process, and evaluates the results. Taken one word at a time, a description of this performance improvement strategy emerges.

  • Human: the individuals and groups that make up our organizations
  • Performance: activities and measurable outcomes
  • Technology: a systematic and systemic approach to solve practical problems

Principles of Human Performance Technology

Human Performance Technology (HPT) has been described as the systematic and systemic identification and removal of barriers to individual and organizational performance. As such, HPT is governed by a set of underlying principles that serve to differentiate it from other disciplines and to guide practitioners in its use.

  1. HPT focuses on outcomes. 
  2. HPT takes a systems view. 
  3. HPT adds value.
  4. HPT establishes partnerships. 
  5. Be systematic in the assessment of the need or opportunity.
  6. Be systematic in the analysis of the work and workplace to identify the cause or factors that limit performance. 
  7. Be systematic in the design of the solution or specification of the requirements of the solution. 
  8. Be systematic in the development of all or some of the solution and its elements.
  9. Be systematic in the implementation of the solution. 
  10. Be systematic in the evaluation of the process and the results. 

In future posts, I will reflect on how implementing these HPT principles into the US educational system would improve student performance and increase societal gains.



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